1. The legal definition of “small-scale mining” may no longer be applicable to all existing small-scale mining in the areas. A distinction has to be made between small-scale miners who use the traditional method of mining and miners who have mechanized are using more advanced technologies.
2. Republic Act 8371 or the Indigenous Peoples Rights Act (IPRA) of 1997 gave the IP communities priority rights in the extraction/development/exploitation of any natural resources and in entering into an agreement with large-scale mining companies. Different claims over ancestral land created conflict between IP groups. A mechanism to validate the authenticity of some group of IPs’ claim over lands should be developed. IP communities have also been vulnerable to manipulation of big corporations.
3. The capability of both the national and local government in enforcing regulations should be examined. Despite the existence of regulatory policy on SSM, enforcement of these policies has been a perennial problem.
4. Mining communities should also be introduced to alternative livelihoods, to provide options to the residents of mining communities. This would provide additional economic activities in the mining areas and alleviate stress imposed on the environment.
5. The shift from agricultural to mining contaminates soil and water supply and threatens food security and development of agriculture in the area.
The Alternative Forum for Research in Mindano (AFRIM). A Background Study on the Small-Scale Gold Mining Operations in Benguet and South Cotabato and their Impact on the Economy, the Environment and the Community. March 2012
Municipal Environmental and Natural Resources of TampakanBarangay Development Plan of Pula Bato
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