The Kamanga Project
|Aerial shot of the ongoing construction of coal-fired power plant in Kamanga Maasim, Sarangani Province|
photo by gmanetwork.com
|Photo by barangayrp.wordpress.com|
• 3,700,000 tons of carbon dioxide (CO2), the primary human cause of global warming--as much carbon dioxide as cutting down 161 million trees.
• 10,000 tons of sulfur dioxide (SO2), which causes acid rain that damages forests, lakes, and buildings, and forms small airborne particles that can penetrate deep into lungs.
• 500 tons of small airborne particles, which can cause chronic bronchitis, aggravated asthma, and premature death, as well as haze obstructing visibility.
• 10,200 tons of nitrogen oxide (NOx), as much as would be emitted by half a million late-model cars. NOx leads to formation of ozone (smog) which inflames the lungs, burning through lung tissue making people more susceptible to respiratory illness.
• 720 tons of carbon monoxide (CO), which causes headaches and place additional stress on people with heart disease.
• 220 tons of hydrocarbons, volatile organic compounds (VOC), which form ozone.
• 170 pounds of mercury, where just 1/70th of a teaspoon deposited on a 25-acre lake can make the fish unsafe to eat.
• 225 pounds of arsenic, which will cause cancer in one out of 100 people who drink water containing 50 parts per billion.
• 114 pounds of lead, 4 pounds of cadmium, other toxic heavy metals, and trace amounts of uranium.
“Some negative externalities arise from the use of coal as a primary electricity source. Negative health effects on the nearby human population, plant life, and wildlife have been hard to quantify precisely and thoroughly, and are generally not included in the cost of coal power to the consumer…. Some developing nations are not so forward-looking on this issue, choosing to allow the industry to emit toxins unhindered because that is the cheaper alternative. It is hard to blame the poorest nations for their relative lack of environmental standards because they are doing the best they can to advance to a better standard of living. However, it is possible to advance towards more healthy energy sources without sacrificing very much wealth. If the developed world aided impoverished nations more, this problem could be alleviated to some extent.”
“When warm water used to cool a coal power plant is exhausted into bodies of water that harbor life, it becomes thermal pollution which can have negative effects on the ecosystem. Heating a body of water decreases its dissolved oxygen content, which has the potential to harm animals dependent on it for oxygen. Heating also leads to an increase in the metabolic rate of the organisms living in the body of water, causing them to require more food. Warmer waters can trigger algae blooms, further depriving the water of oxygen.”
|Photovoltaic array and wind turbines at the Schneebergerhof wind farm in the German state of Rheinland-Pfalz|
photo by wikipedia.org
“Germany is gradually phasing out their nuclear energy source. The country is investing on renewable energy sources such as solar and wind. Germany is the first major industrial country to seriously consider the challenge of overcoming the entire range problems associated with fossil and nuclear fuels – from emissions to cost from nuclear proliferation to nuclear waste, from environmental devastation to health impacts.”
“If Germany, despite medium irradiation levels, limited land grow biomass, and average wind and water resources, succeeds in the transforming the energy system to renewable sources while keeping an eye on cost, then every other country in the world will be able to follow on that track, too. And challenges entailed for these countries will be significantly lower.”
|photo by theguardian.com|
Edwin Espejo. Ongoing construction of power plant in Sarangani destroying corals, divers say. - May 11, 2014 1:24 PM - InterAksyon.com
Rommel G. Rebollido. Not man, but nature itself destroys Sarangani Bay. June 22, 2009 8:50 am - http://balita.ph/2009/06/22/not-man-but-nature-itself-destroys-sarangani-bay/
Kamanga power station - http://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php/Kamanga_power_station
Kyle Laskowski. Coal power: Pollution, politics, and profits. OCTOBER 13, 2010. http://www.visionofearth.org/featured-articles/coal-power-pollution-politics-and-profits/
Union of Concerned Scientists. Why Coal-Fired Power is Bad.
Allen V. Estabillo. Coal-fired power firm plans carbon sink. July 16, 2008. MindaNews.com
Tyrone A. Velez. Pushing coal-fired power plants in Mindanao for profit. August 11 2013.
Rainer Backe. Germany’s Energiewende: The Prospects of a Grand-Scale Project. Georgetown Journal of International Affairs: The Future of Energy. Winter/Spring 2013